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THE KIGALI HFC AMENDMENT TO THE MONTREAL PROTOCOL

THE KIGALI HFC AMENDMENT TO THE MONTREAL PROTOCOL

03.11.2016

The 28th Meeting of the Parties (MOP28) to the Montreal Protocol, held in Kigali, Rwanda, has adopted an amendment for a global cap and reduction for HFC consumption and production on a GWP-weighted basis.

The amendment involves a three-step approach, differentiating firstly developed countries (with some delays for countries from the Russian Federation), secondly most of the developing countries, and thirdly a group of developing countries presenting a High Ambient Temperature (HAT).

Developed countries will start the HFC phase down in 2019, reaching 85% reduction (based on 2011-2013 level) by 2036. Most developing countries will freeze their consumption by 2024, reaching 80% reduction (based on 2020-2022 level) by 2045.A third group, lead by India **, have agreed a freeze by 2028, reaching 80% reduction (based on 2024-2026 level) by 2047.

** Group 2: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, India, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan

Other agreements should cover:

Standards

Parties are expected to work towards ensuring global industry standards enable the safe introduction of low-GWP alternatives to HFCs. Energy Efficiency

Parties are expected to agree a way forward to maximize energy efficiency in the transition out of HFCs.

Source : EFCTC Position and Cooling Post

Note : EFCTC notes that the global warming impact of HFC emissions worldwide is currently estimated to represent less than 2% of that from all greenhouse gases emissions.