Art. 15: Reduction of the quantity of HFCs
Article 15 lays down the general principles of the reduction of the quantity of hydrofluorocarbons placed on the market. New!
In addition to the measures to control emissions and some uses of fluorinated greenhouse gases that were implemented in the previous Regulation, the cap and reduction of HFCs limits the quantity of HFCs that can be placed on the market on a CO2 equivalent basis.
Each producer and importer meeting the requirements set out in Article 16 (quota allocation) receives a quota each year. The quotas are calculated in accordance with Annex V (see below).
Producers and importers that import less that 100 tonnes of CO2 equivalent of HFCs per year are exempt. This equates to about 70 kg of HFC 134a.
There are a number of uses that are excluded from the placing on the market quota.
- Destruction: HFCs imported into the Union for destruction;
- Feedstock: HFCs used by a producer in feedstock applications or supplied directly by a producer or an importer to undertakings for use in feedstock applications;
- Export: HFCs supplied directly by a producer or an importer to undertakings, for export out of the Union, where those HFCs are not subsequently made available to any other party within the Union, prior to export;
- Military equipment: HFCs supplied directly by a producer or an importer for use in military equipment;
- Semiconductor use: HFCs supplied directly by a producer or an importer to an undertaking using it for the etching of semiconductor material or the cleaning of chemicals vapour deposition chambers within the semiconductor manufacturing sector;
- Metered dose inhalers (MDIs): from 1 January 2018 onwards, HFCs supplied directly by a producer or an importer to an undertaking producing MDIs for the delivery of pharmaceutical ingredients.
Specifically included in the quota
- Pre-blended polyols: HFCs contained in pre-blended polyols.
- Pre-charged equipment: From 1 January 2017 HFCs contained in pre-charged equipment must be accounted for within the quota system (see Article 14).
Exemption from the quota
Article 15 para 4 sets out the possibility of an exemption from the quota where certain exacting conditions are met.
If no alternatives are available and supply can only be assured at disproportionate cost.
Note on Annex V of the FGas Regulation, referred to in Article 15
CALCULATION OF THE MAXIMUM QUANTITY, REFERENCE VALUES AND QUOTAS FOR PLACING HYDROFLUOROCARBONS ON THE MARKET
The maximum initial quantity for each issued quota is the annual average of the quantity in CO2 equivalent tonnes placed on the market into the Union during the period from 2009 to 2012 (the baseline period). This baseline quantity is 183 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent, with an average GWP for the HFCs placed on the market during this period of approximately 2175.
The corresponding approximate annual average quantity of HFCs in metric tonnes placed on the market during the baseline period was about 83000 tonnes. The breakdown of this roughly corresponds to:
HFC-134a -> 50%
HFC-410A -> 12%
HFC-404A -> 23%
Other HFCs -> 15%
HFC reduction schedule
The maximum quantity that can be placed on the market and the individual quotas are a percentage of the baseline quantity of 183 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent.
Reduction schedule implications
The steep decline in HFC availability in 2018 due to the large quota reduction will require a major increase in the use of lower GWP HFCs and HFC containing mixtures in order to meet the expected market demand. Assuming that the market demand is similar in 2018 to the baseline quantity then the average GWP for HFCs placed on the market would need to reduce significantly.
Average Baseline GWP for HFCs placed on the market approximately: 2175
Required average GWP in 2018 for the same market supply in tonnes: 1370
In order to achieve such a reduction and maintain supply, if demand remains similar, higher GWP refrigerants in particular HFC-404A will need to be replaced by lower GWP options.
EPEE information on phase-down: http://www.epeeglobal.org/refrigerants/f-gas-regulation/the-f-gas-phasedown/
Reference to Gapometer (EPEE website): http://www.epeeglobal.org/refrigerants/the-gapometer/