Art. 11&13 : Restrictions and control of use

Next to the quota allocation and phase-down mechanism, one of the major features of the 2014 F‑Gas Regulation is the introduction of some new bans as depicted below (Art.11 & Annex III):

01/01/2015

Domestic refrigerators and freezers that contain HFCs with GWP of 150 or more

01/01/2016

Fire protection equipment that contain HFC-23

01/01/2018

Technical aerosols that contain HFCs with GWP of 150 or more, except when required to meet national safety standards or when used for medical applications

01/01/2020
  • Refrigerators and freezers for commercial use (hermetically sealed equipment) that contain HFCs with GWP of 2500 or more
  • Stationary refrigeration equipment, that contains, or whose functioning relies upon, HFCs with GWP of 2500 or more except equipment intended for application designed to cool products to temperatures below -50°C
  • Movable room air-conditioning equipment (hermetically sealed equipment which is movable between rooms by the end user) that contain HFCs with GWP of 150 or more
  • Extruded polystyrene (XPS) foams that contains HFCs with GWP of 150 or more except when required to meet national safety standards
01/01/2022
  • Refrigerators and freezers for commercial use (hermetically sealed equipment) that contain HFCs with GWP of 150 or more
  • Multipack centralised refrigeration systems for commercial use with a rated capacity of 40 KW or more that contain, or whose functioning relies upon, fluorinated greenhouse gases with GWP of 150 or more, except in the primary refrigerant circuit of cascade systems where fluorinated greenhouse gases with a GWP of less than 1500 may be used
01/01/2023

Foams, other than extruded polystyrene (XPS), that contain HFCs with GWP of 150 or more except when required to meet national safety standards

01/01/2025

Single split air-conditioning systems containing less than 3 kg of fluorinated greenhouse gases, that contain, or whose functioning relies upon, fluorinated greenhouse gases with GWP of 750 or more

These bans come on top of the following existing prohibitions:
04/07/2006

Footwear that contains fluorinated greenhouse gases

04/07/2007
  • Non-refillable containers for fluorinated greenhouse gases used to service, maintain or fill refrigeration, air-conditioning or heat-pump equipment, fire protection systems or switchgear, or for use as solvents
  • Non-confined direct evaporation systems that contain HFCs and PFCs as refrigerants
  • Fire protection equipment that contain PFCs
  • Windows for domestic use that contain fluorinated greenhouse gases
  • Tyres that contain fluorinated greenhouse gases
04/07/2008
  • Other windows that contain fluorinated greenhouse gases
  • One-component foams, except when required to meet national safety standards, that contain fluorinated greenhouse gases with GWP of 150 or more
04/07/2009

Aerosol generators marketed and intended for sale to the general public for entertainment and decorative purposes, as listed in point 40 of Annex XVII to Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006, and signal horns, that contain HFCs with GWP of 150 or more

Important to note is that there are some exemptions to the bans:

  • Military equipment is exempted.
  • The prohibitions do not apply to equipment for which it has been established in ecodesign requirements that due to higher energy efficiency during its operation, its lifecycle CO2 equivalent emissions would be lower than those of equivalent equipment which meets relevant ecodesign requirements and does not contain hydrofluorocarbons.
  • Exemptions up to four years can also be accorded upon request by a competent authority of a Member State in case it can be demonstrated that for the specific product or piece of equipment no alternatives are available or cannot be used for technical or safety reasons, or in case the use of technically feasible and safe alternatives would entail disproportionate costs. Meanwhile the EU Commission is to collect some specific information from Member States with respect to replacement technologies using alternatives to fluorinated greenhouse gases in refrigeration, air-conditioning and heat pump equipment and in foams.

Article 13: Control of use (including servicing ban)

On top of the bans introduced via Art.11 and Annex III, the F‑Gas Regulation also prohibits the use of sulphur hexafluoride to fill vehicle tyres and in magnesium die-casting alloys. For die-casting installations using a quantity of SF6 below 850 kg per year, the prohibition shall only apply from 1 January 2018.

Importantly also a servicing ban is introduced, more specifically Regulation (EU) No 517/2014 prohibits the use of F-Gases with a GWP ≥ 2500 to service or maintain refrigeration equipment with a charge size ≥ 40 tonnes of CO2 equivalent.

There are, however, some exemptions to the servicing ban:

  • Military equipment
  • Equipment intended for applications designed to cool products to temperatures below -50 °C

In addition, the servicing ban is delayed until 1 January 2030 for:

  • reclaimed fluorinated greenhouse gases with a GWP ≥ 2500 used for the maintenance or servicing of existing refrigeration equipment, provided that they have been adequately labelled (see Art.12)
  • recycled fluorinated greenhouse gases with a GWP ≥ 2500 used for the maintenance or servicing of existing refrigeration equipment provided they have been recovered from such equipment. These may only be used by the undertaking which carried out their recovery as part of maintenance or servicing or the undertaking for which the recovery was carried out as part of maintenance or servicing.
Additional references

DG CLIMA Guidance documents for F-Gas Regulation

http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/f-gas/documentation_en.htm

  • Guidance document: Information for technicians and users of refrigeration, air conditioning and heat pump equipment containing fluorinated greenhouse gases

Gluckman Consulting EU F-Gas Regulation Information Sheets

http://www.gluckmanconsulting.com/f-gas-information-sheets/

  • Information Sheet 26: Summary of bans related to new equipment and products