Fluorocarbons & Sulphur Hexafluoride in Air conditioning: Economic Aspects

The global sales of air-conditioning units is still increasing, from 39 million units in 1999 to 58 million forecasted in 2007. Of these about 75% are small room air-conditioners predominantly sold in hot countries. The EU is about 7% of the global market by number of units, with sales growing from about 3 million to about 5 million units.

The major markets within Europe are the southern countries with Italy, Greece, and Spain accounting for about 75% of sales by number of units. The estimated value of units sold is over 2.5 billion Euro. Equipment is both imported and exported from the EU.

The broad range of air-conditioning applications from small quantities of specialist units, to high value central chillers, and high volume production small room air-conditioners means that there is a range of companies from SME through to large multi-national that manufacture air-conditioners in Europe. In addition specialist installers and maintenance companies support and service the EU air-conditioning industry.

Estimates of World Demand for Air Conditioners (2000-2008)

Estimated products are air conditioners for residential and commercial use, namely, room air conditioners and packaged air conditioners. Room air conditioners include the window-type and the Japanese-style, small-sized split system for residential use. Packaged air conditioners are those other than room air conditioners.

Based on the collected data, we've estimated the world's production and demand between 2000 and 2003 by geographical area. With respect to demand, estimates are extended to 2008 by consulting the trends from 2003 onwards.

( In million units )200020012002200320042005200620072008
ActualActualActualActualProjectedForecastForecastForecastForecast
World total 41,9 44,8 46,8 54,4 58,1 60,4 63,0 65,7 68,7
Japan 7,8 8,4 7,5 7,3 7,7 7,5 7,5 7,5 7,5
Asia (excl. Japan) 13,9 16,6 17,8 23,7 26,4 28,3 30,3 32,5 34,9
Middle East 1,7 1,7 1,8 2,2 2,4 2,5 2,6 2,7 2,7
Europe 2,9 2,9 3,4 4,4 4,8 5,1 5,4 5,7 6,1
North America 12,3 11,9 12,9 13,1 12,9 12,9 12,9 12,9 12,9
Central & South America 2,1 1,9 2,0 2,2 2,3 2,4 2,5 2,5 2,6
Africa 0,7 0,8 0,7 0,8 0,9 0,9 0,9 0,9 1,0
Oceania 0,5 0,6 0,7 0,7 0,8 0,8 0,9 0,9 1,0
Source :  The Japan Refrigeration and Air. Conditioning Industry Association