HFCs under the Montreal Protocol

The Kigali HFC amendment to the Montreal Protocol

After 7 years of discussions at Montreal Protocol meetings, the 28th Meeting of the Parties (MOP28) to the Montreal Protocol, held in Kigali, Rwanda, in October 2016, has adopted an amendment for a global cap and reduction for HFC consumption and production on a GWP-weighted basis.
The Kigali Amendment is available here https://treaties.un.org/doc/Publication/CN/2016/CN.872.2016-Eng.pdf

The amendment involves a three-step approach, taking into account different situations for various groups of countries.

1)    Developed countries (Article 2 countries)
Phase down starting in 2019 (- 10 %)
2024 (- 45 %)
2029 (- 70 %)
2034 (-80 %)
Plateau in 2036 (-85 %)
Baseline : average HFC consumption for the years 2011-2013, plus 15% of the baseline consumption of HCFCs
For the countries members of the Russian federation*, the phase down will start in 2020 (- 5 %), the second step in 2025 (-35 %), and the HCFC component will be 25 %

2)    Developing countries Group 1 (Article 5 countries, except Group 2 countries):
Freeze in 2024
Phase down starting in 2029 (- 10 %)
2035 (- 30 %)
2040 (- 50 %)
Plateau in 2045 (-85 %).
Baseline : average HFC consumption for the years 2020-2022, plus 65% of the baseline consumption of HCFCs

3)    Developing countries (Article 5 countries  Group 2 *)
Freeze in 2028
Phase down starting in 2032 (- 10 %)
2037 (- 20 %)
2042 ( – 30 %)
Plateau in 2045 (-85 %).
Baseline : average HFC consumption for the years 2024-2026, plus 65% of the baseline consumption of HCFCs

* Belarus, Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
** Developing countries Group 2 –  Countries with High Ambient Temperatures (HAT) : Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, India, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan.

Other decisions at the Kigali meeting covered:
Standards. Parties are expected to work towards ensuring global industry standards enable the safe introduction of low-GWP alternatives to HFCs.
Energy Efficiency. Parties are expected to agree a way forward to maximize energy efficiency in the transition out of HFCs.

Phase-down schedule for HFCs in Article 5 and non-Article 5 parties

A5 parties (developing countries) – Group 1 A5 parties (developing countries) – Group 2 Non-A5 parties (developed countries)
Baseline formula Average HFC consumption for 2020-2022 + 65% of HCFC baseline Average HFC consumption for 2024-2026 + 65% of HCFC baseline Average HFC consumption for 2011-2013 + 15% of HCFC baseline*
Freeze 2024 2028
1st step 2029 – 10% 2032 – 10% 2019 – 10%
2nd step 2035 – 30% 2037 – 20% 2024 – 40%
3rd step 2040 – 50% 2042 – 30% 2029 – 70%
4th step 2034 – 80%
Plateau 2045 – 80% 2047 – 85% 2036 – 85%

* For Belarus, Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, 25% HCFC component of baseline and different initial two steps (1) 5% reduction in 2020 and (2) 35% reduction in 2025
Notes:
1. Group 1: Article 5 parties not part of Group 2
2. Group 2: Bahrain, India, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates
3. Technology review in 2022 and every five years
4. Technology review four to five years before 2028 to consider the compliance deferral of two years from the freeze of 2028 of Article 5 Group 2 to address growth in relevant sectors above certain threshold.

Inclusion of HFCs in the Montreal Protocol

EFCTC expresses its appreciation for the assistance provided by Trane in the testing of a pilot version of the 2014 logbook. The update was performed by Jasper Decock , a Professional bachelor in Electromechanics, option climatisation. His thesis work at the Vives Katholieke Hogeschool (Kortrijk, BE) consisted of comparing different refrigerants for freezer applications.

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