One of the largest German city utilities companies, SWM (Stadtwerke München) is installing an HFC-245fa based 5 MW Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) System, which will feed the city’s district heating.
The world’s biggest cold store, installed in Catalonia, Spain, has been built with HFC blown polyurethane insulating sandwich panels – structural construction elements that combine rigid foam insulation sandwiched between two sheets of steel.
The German ‘Kaltepreis’ 2011 has been awarded for a Net Zero Energy Buildings, in the category ‘Climate-friendly air-conditioning in commercial buildings’ .
An HFC based Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) has been installed in a Belgian waste incineration plant to recover the excess heat arising during waste incineration, previously released into the environment via the air condensers.
These new standards cover MAC systems using HFO-1234yf refrigerant purity and safety, components design requirements, service equipment and certification procedures for system components, service equipment and technician training.
Using a Life Cycle Analysis approach, a scientific paper from the French Ecole des Mines on “Strategies for reducing the environmental impacts of room air conditioners in Europe”, analyzed various options aiming at delivering a lower “carbon footprint”.
Recent research on the manual stripping of the insulating foam of recycled refrigeration equipment concludes that the CFC 11 release is about 100 times greater with such manual stripping than when encapsulated shredders are used.